Are you preparing for an interview for a quantitative role and have no idea of what to expect? Look no further! In this chapter, we will show the types of questions you should expect to face in a quantitative job interview. Building on this, in the next chapter we will give you primers for Mathematical Finance, Econometrics and Statistics, which will cover some basics all prospective Quantitative Analysts must be familiar with.

Many of the questions in this chapter do not relate to quantitative finance in any kind of direct way. However, they are designed to test your ability to think through quantitative problems. These questions demonstrate that being an effective Quantitative Analyst does not simply equate to having detailed knowledge of complex formulas. Rather, you need to be able to think on your feet, and these questions test that ability.

Know that almost all of your interview questions will relate in some form to mathematics, statistics, econometrics or programming.Â Think of interviewing as an opportunity to demonstrate how many skills you have accrued in these areas. Do not be upset if there is some area covered in an interview question that youâve never been exposed toâthe goal is not to demonstrate that you know everything. It is to demonstrate that you know a lot, and you know how to work with the knowledge that you do have. Keep your answers focused, but include relevant techniques you might incorporate into solving a problem, and be prepared to explain how youâd use such methods.

Hereâs an example. Are you being asked to value a customized stock option?Â Talk about the valuation framework, and how you might forecast future prices using a Monte Carlo simulation technique.Â (What type of drift and volatility process will your simulation incorporate?)Â Remember that you should be prepared to fully detail any concept you mention during a conversation.Â Donât use the phrases âMarkov processâ, ârisk-neutral measureâ or âBayesian inferenceâ unless youâre prepared to explain these topics.Â Â Even if you donât answer a specific question correctly, talking about other concepts youâre familiar with during the interview process may give you an opportunity to âredeemâ yourself.

And donât be afraid to ask questions, too!Â An intelligent questionâwhether about how something is modeled, how portfolio risk is calculated, or how an asset is valued can go a long way to proving that you are the type of employee who will be engaged and willing to go the extra step to solve unanswered questions or improve an existing process.

In any interview, expect the hiring manager to request that you âwalkâ them through your resume. The interviewer may be asking you this because he or she did not have time to read through your resume before meeting you. Or, he or she may want to see which areas of your background you choose to focus on, and how effectively you communicate.Â Either way, this is your opportunity to show why your past experience makes you a fit for this job.Â *Emphasize any classwork, projects, work or teaching experience that is relevant to the Quant world.*

As we mentioned, most interview questions will relate in some form to mathematics, statistics, econometrics or computer programming.Â You may get finance-specific questions if youâve studied finance at university or worked in finance before, but the main goal of the interview will be to determine your ability to think through quantitative concepts.Â Â Donât be afraid to ask questions if you need help, and just as you would in school, when you are faced with challenging questions given in this chapter, always show your work, and explain your thought process.

We know that at 12:15 the angle is slightly less than Â¼.Â Why?Â Because the hour hand needs to move from â12â to â1â over the course of an hour, the hour hand is a little past 12 (and thus the angle is a bit less than 90).**Â **Start off with the basics â a clock, which is a circle, is 360 degrees.

Now, the minute hand has only moved Â¼ of the way through the hour (the minute hand is at 15, which is Â¼ of the way around), so the hour hand has moved 7.5 degrees (30 degrees per hour times Â¼ move in the minute hand). Now we know the hour hand moved 7.5 degrees, so the answer is 82.5 degrees (90-7.5).

This is a trick question:Â itâs impossible.Â The first trip took 2 hours (60 miles / 30 mph).Â In order for you to average 60 mph over the entire trip you would have to travel for 2 hours (120 miles / 60 mph).Â Since you already were driving for 2 hours it is impossible for you to average 60mph for the entire trip.

Variants on a theme include: how many gallons of ice cream were sold in the U.S., how many fax machines are in use in NYCâ¦or anything else that requires you to extrapolate from a limited set of information.Â One of the many possible approaches is to start by looking at the total U.S. population, dividing the population into the most relevant age groups, estimating the âconsuming habit,â etc., and assigning a consuming frequency for each group, before summing to arrive at the total market size.Â Â Start with the fact that the U.S. population is approximately 330 million (the population in Manhattan is 1.6mm; check the figures for the city in which youâre interviewing).Â Here, the answer will not matter so much as your thought process.Â Include seasonal impactsâmore chocolate bars may be bought on Valentineâs Day and Halloween, so add in the fact that consumption is not evenly distributed throughout the year.Â Chocolate bars are mostly consumed by people between ages 5Â and 70; each of these people may consume approximately 12 to 20 chocolate bars a yearâ¦

Fill the five-gallon jug and then pour it into the three-gallon jug. The five-gallon jug has 2 gallons left. Now throw the three-gallon water away. Pour the 2 gallons from the five-gallon jug to the three-gallon jug. So now the three-gallon jug has just 2 gallons of water. Fill the five-gallon jug again, and pour 1 gallon to the three-gallon jug. You are then left with 4 gallons of water in the five-gallon jug.

Ask a guard: “If I were to ask you if this door were the correct one, what would you say?” The truthful consultant would answer yes (if it’s the correct one), or no (if it’s not). Now take the lying consultant. If you asked the liar if the correct door is the right way, he would answer no. But if you ask him: “If I were to ask you if this door were the correct one, what would you say?” he would be forced to lie about how he would answer, and say yes.

Alternatively, you could ask one of the guards whether the other guard would say that Door 1 is the correct door to enter. If you ask the lying guard, he will lie about what the other guard would say. Alternatively, if you ask the truthful guard, he would honestly tell you what the other guard would say, which will be a lie. In either case, chose the other doorâwhichever door is not indicated by the response to your question.

You pick 1 card first (leaving 20), then you want to respond to all opponent picks by picking a number that totals 4 combined with their last pick. So, you pick 1. Then, if they pick 3, you pick 1â¦if they pick 2, you pick 2â¦if they pick 1, you pick 3. This ensures that youâre always leaving them with a multiple of 4 (first 20, then 16, 12, 8, 4), right until the end, when you leave them with exactly 4. When theyâre stuck with 4, they are out of luck, because regardless if they pick 1, 2 or 3, you will be able to win in the next turn.

On the first weighing, you would weigh three marbles on each side, leaving three off. If one side of the scale is lighter, you are left with three marbles. Then you would place one marble on each side of scale, and leave one off.Â This method will identify the light marble while only performing two weightings in total.

Every machine will have to produce a sample coin or coins, and you must weigh all these coins together.Â How can you indicate which coins came from which machine? If every machine cranks out a different number of coins (machine 1 makes one coin, machine 2 makes two coins, and so on, then taking all the coins and weighing them together against their theoretical weight will give you the answer.Â If you’re four grams short, for example, you’ll know that machine 4 is defective.

The first thought of many people is to say 90 miles an hour, since the average of 30 and 90 is 60, but remember your junior high math: Rate Ã Time = Distance.Â If youâve completed a lap at 30 miles an hour, then to have driven a mile on the mile-long track, youâve already taken two minutes. Two minutes is the total amount of time you would have to take in order to average 60 miles an hour. Therefore, you cannot average 60 miles an hour over the two laps.

This is one of those brainteasers where if you remember the basics (bill + tip = total meal cost) youâll be fine.Â The bill was $25; you and your friend collectively leave a $3 tip.Â The total meal cost is $28.Â If you each pay $14, youâre paying $14 for the meal AND the tip. You each paid $12.50 for the meal (half of $25), $1.50 for a tip (half of $3) and each got back $1 in change.Â Add it all up and it comes to $15 each, for a total of $30.

Turn on the first two switches and leave them on for 5 minutes. After 5 minutes, turn off the second switch, leaving the first switch on. Now go upstairs to the attic. The light that is on is connected to the first switch. A light that is off but has a bulb that is still warm to the touch is connected to the second switch. The light that is both off and cold to the touch is connected to the third switch, which was never turned on.

## Quant Interview Questions Preparation | Quantra Courses

quant job interview questions and answers pdf

This is a trick question:Â itâs impossible.Â The first trip took 2 hours (60 miles / 30 mph).Â In order for you to average 60 mph over the entire trip you would have to travel for 2 hours (120 miles / 60 mph).Â Since you already were driving for 2 hours it is impossible for you to average 60mph for the entire trip.

The first thought of many people is to say 90 miles an hour, since the average of 30 and 90 is 60, but remember your junior high math: Rate Ã Time = Distance.Â If youâve completed a lap at 30 miles an hour, then to have driven a mile on the mile-long track, youâve already taken two minutes. Two minutes is the total amount of time you would have to take in order to average 60 miles an hour. Therefore, you cannot average 60 miles an hour over the two laps.

You pick 1 card first (leaving 20), then you want to respond to all opponent picks by picking a number that totals 4 combined with their last pick. So, you pick 1. Then, if they pick 3, you pick 1â¦if they pick 2, you pick 2â¦if they pick 1, you pick 3. This ensures that youâre always leaving them with a multiple of 4 (first 20, then 16, 12, 8, 4), right until the end, when you leave them with exactly 4. When theyâre stuck with 4, they are out of luck, because regardless if they pick 1, 2 or 3, you will be able to win in the next turn.

Ask a guard: “If I were to ask you if this door were the correct one, what would you say?” The truthful consultant would answer yes (if it’s the correct one), or no (if it’s not). Now take the lying consultant. If you asked the liar if the correct door is the right way, he would answer no. But if you ask him: “If I were to ask you if this door were the correct one, what would you say?” he would be forced to lie about how he would answer, and say yes.

Fill the five-gallon jug and then pour it into the three-gallon jug. The five-gallon jug has 2 gallons left. Now throw the three-gallon water away. Pour the 2 gallons from the five-gallon jug to the three-gallon jug. So now the three-gallon jug has just 2 gallons of water. Fill the five-gallon jug again, and pour 1 gallon to the three-gallon jug. You are then left with 4 gallons of water in the five-gallon jug.