Mastering Spring MVC: Top Interview Questions for 2024

As the job market continues to evolve, being well-prepared for technical interviews is crucial for landing your dream role. If you’re a Java developer or aspiring to become one, having a solid understanding of Spring MVC can give you a significant edge. In this article, we’ll dive into the top Spring MVC interview questions for 2022 and provide you with valuable insights to help you ace your next interview.

Understanding Spring MVC

Spring MVC is a powerful and widely-used Java framework that follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern. It simplifies the development of web applications by separating concerns and providing a robust and flexible infrastructure for handling HTTP requests and responses.

Spring MVC Interview Questions

1. Define and describe the role of Spring MVC.

Spring MVC is a Java framework built on top of the Spring Framework, designed to simplify the development of web applications. It follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern, where the Model represents the data, the View handles the presentation logic, and the Controller processes the user requests and manages the application’s flow.

2. Define and describe the role of the Spring MVC form tag library.

The Spring MVC form tag library provides a set of tags that simplify the process of handling form data in web applications. These tags are data-binding aware, meaning they can automatically bind form data to Java objects and vice versa. This library offers reusable building blocks for creating web pages, making it easier to develop, read, and maintain form-related code.

3. Define and describe the role of the @RequestBody annotation.

The @RequestBody annotation is used to automatically deserialize the request body into a Java object. It is typically used when working with RESTful web services or when handling HTTP requests with a non-form data payload, such as JSON or XML.

4. Define and describe the role of the @ResponseBody annotation.

The @ResponseBody annotation is used to automatically serialize a Java object into a response body. This annotation is useful when building RESTful web services or when you want to directly return an object as the response, rather than rendering a view.

5. Define and describe the role of the @EnableWebMVC annotation.

The @EnableWebMVC annotation is used to enable Spring MVC configuration and provide a set of default configurations for web applications. It imports the required Spring MVC components and automatically registers various beans, such as RequestMappingHandlerMapping, RequestMappingHandlerAdapter, and others.

6. Explain the role of the Front Controller pattern in Spring MVC.

In Spring MVC, the DispatcherServlet acts as the Front Controller pattern. It intercepts all incoming HTTP requests and dispatches them to the appropriate controllers based on the configured URL mappings. The DispatcherServlet also handles view resolution and response rendering.

7. Describe the flow of a request in the Spring MVC framework.

The flow of a request in the Spring MVC framework follows these steps:

  1. The DispatcherServlet receives an incoming HTTP request.
  2. The DispatcherServlet consults the HandlerMapping to determine the appropriate controller method to handle the request.
  3. The controller method is executed, and it may interact with the service layer or access the data model.
  4. The controller returns a ModelAndView object, which contains the model data and the view name.
  5. The DispatcherServlet resolves the view using the ViewResolver and renders the view with the model data.
  6. The response is sent back to the client.

8. How would you map a controller class and its methods with a URL in Spring MVC?

In Spring MVC, you can map a controller class and its methods to specific URLs using the @RequestMapping annotation. You can apply this annotation at the class level to define a base URL mapping and at the method level to define specific URL mappings for each handler method.

9. What is the purpose of the @PathVariable annotation in Spring MVC?

The @PathVariable annotation is used to extract values from the URL path and bind them to the method parameters of a controller method. It allows you to define dynamic URLs with placeholders that can be captured and used within the controller method.

10. How would you validate user input in Spring MVC?

Spring MVC provides built-in support for validating user input using the Hibernate Validator and the Bean Validation API. You can define validation constraints on your model classes using annotations like @NotNull, @Size, @Pattern, and more. Additionally, you can create custom validators by implementing the Validator interface or using the @InitBinder annotation.


Mastering Spring MVC is essential for Java developers who want to build robust and scalable web applications. By familiarizing yourself with the concepts and interview questions covered in this article, you’ll be better prepared to showcase your knowledge and impress potential employers. Remember, practice and continuous learning are key to staying competitive in the ever-evolving tech industry.

Top 10 Spring MVC Interview Questions and Answers | Frequently Asked Spring MVC Interview Questions


How do you explain MVC in an interview?

Explain Model, View and Controller in Brief. Commonly used examples of models in MVC are the database, a simple object holding data (such as any multimedia file or the character of a game), a file, etc. A view is a way of displaying objects (user interfaces) within an application.

Is Spring MVC in demand?

Despite being in demand in the IT sector, Spring’s revised framework, including Spring Boot & Spring MVC, has overcome some drawbacks. Although they serve different objectives, you can use them both to make your application more effective.

Which is easier Spring MVC or Spring Boot?

If you need a highly flexible, customizable framework for a complex web application, Spring MVC could be the right choice. On the other hand, if you are looking to develop a simple, standalone application or a microservice with minimum configuration and setup, Spring Boot would be more suitable.

What is the basic understanding of Spring MVC?

Spring MVC is a Java-based framework that is mostly used for developing web applications. It follows the MVC (Model-View-Controller) Design Pattern. This design pattern specifies that an application consists of a data model, presentation information, and control information.

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