TestNG Interview Questions: A Comprehensive Guide to Mastering the Framework

There are questions and answers on this page from TestNG that can help both new graduates and experienced workers get their dream job.

TestNG is a powerful and popular testing framework for Java applications, renowned for its simplicity and advanced automation features Mastering TestNG is crucial for aspiring automation testers seeking to excel in their careers This comprehensive guide delves into the most frequently asked TestNG interview questions, equipping you with the knowledge and insights to ace your next interview.

What is TestNG?

TestNG stands for “Testing Next Generation.” It is an open-source testing framework built upon the foundation of the JUnit framework, offering enhanced features and functionalities. TestNG is widely adopted by developers for its ease of use, extensive annotations, and robust reporting capabilities.

Advantages of TestNG

  • Comprehensive Reporting: TestNG generates detailed reports, providing valuable insights into test execution, including the number of test cases executed, passed, failed, and skipped.
  • Efficient Test Grouping: TestNG facilitates the grouping of test cases into logical units, enabling prioritized execution and improved test management.
  • Cross-Browser Testing: TestNG seamlessly supports cross-browser testing, allowing you to execute test cases on multiple browsers simultaneously.
  • Integration Capabilities: TestNG integrates effortlessly with various tools like Maven, Jenkins, and Selenium, streamlining your testing workflow.
  • Intuitive Annotations: TestNG employs user-friendly annotations like @BeforeMethod, @AfterMethod, and @Test, making test case development straightforward and intuitive.
  • Detailed Reports: Unlike WebDriver, which lacks built-in reporting capabilities, TestNG generates comprehensive reports, simplifying test analysis and debugging.
  • Simplified Test Case Management: TestNG eliminates the need for static main methods, relying on annotations to define test case execution sequences.
  • Independent Test Case Execution: TestNG enables the independent execution of test cases, allowing you to run specific test cases without rerunning the entire suite.

How to Run TestNG Test Scripts

To execute a TestNG test script, right-click on the TestNG class, select “Run As,” and choose “TestNG test.”

TestNG Annotations

TestNG employs various annotations to control test execution and behavior. Here’s a summary of the most commonly used annotations:

  • Precondition Annotations: These annotations, including @BeforeSuite, @BeforeClass, @BeforeTest, and @BeforeMethod, execute before the corresponding test methods.
  • Test Annotation: The @Test annotation signifies a test method and is essential for identifying test cases.
  • Postcondition Annotations: These annotations, including @AfterSuite, @AfterClass, @AfterTest, and @AfterMethod, execute after the corresponding test methods.

Execution Sequence of TestNG Annotations

The execution sequence of TestNG annotations follows a specific order:

  1. @BeforeSuite
  2. @BeforeClass
  3. @BeforeTest
  4. @BeforeMethod
  5. @Test
  6. @AfterMethod
  7. @AfterTest
  8. @AfterClass
  9. @AfterSuite

Prioritizing Test Cases in TestNG

By default TestNG executes test cases alphabetically. To prioritize test cases use the priority attribute in conjunction with the @Test annotation. For instance, the following code snippet prioritizes the execution of test2 over test1


package com.javatpoint;import org.testng.annotations.Test;public class Test_methods {@Test(priority=2)public void test1() {System.out.println("Test1");}@Test(priority=1)public void test2() {System.out.print("Test2");}}

Grouping Test Cases in TestNG

TestNG’s grouping feature enables the execution of multiple test cases as a single unit. This is particularly useful for organizing test cases based on functionality or modules. To group test cases, use the groups attribute within the @Test annotation. For example, the following code snippet groups java and dot_net test cases under the “it_department” group:


package com.javatpoint;import org.testng.annotations.Test;public class Test_methods {@Test(groups="it_department")public void java() {System.out.println("I am a java developer");}@Test(groups="it_department")public void dot_net() {System.out.println("I am a .Net developer");}@Test(groups="it_department")public void tester() {System.out.println("I am a software tester");}@Test (groups="hr")public void hr() {System.out.print("I am hr");}}

Dependency Management in TestNG

TestNG’s dependency management feature allows you to specify the order of test case execution based on dependencies. This ensures that dependent test cases execute only after their dependencies have been fulfilled. TestNG offers two dependency attributes:

  • dependsOnMethods: This attribute specifies the methods on which a test method depends. The dependent test method will execute only after all its dependencies have been executed successfully.
  • dependsOnGroups: This attribute allows a test method to depend on a group of test methods. The dependent test method will execute only after all the test methods in the specified group have been executed successfully.

Timeout in TestNG

TestNG’s timeout feature enables you to set a time limit for test case execution. This is useful for preventing test cases from running indefinitely and causing delays. The timeout attribute can be specified at both the suite and individual test method levels. For instance, the following code snippet sets a timeout of 700 milliseconds for the login test method:


@Test(timeOut = 700)public void login() {System.out.println("Login page");}

InvocationCount in TestNG

TestNG’s invocationCount attribute allows you to specify the number of times a test case should be executed. For example, the following code snippet executes the testcase1 method five times:


@Test(invocationCount=5)public void testcase1() {System.out.println("testcase1");}

Importance of the testng.xml File

The testng.xml file plays a crucial role in TestNG test execution. It defines the following:

  • Test Case Execution Order: The testng.xml file specifies the order in which test cases should be executed.
  • Test Case Grouping: The file allows you to group test cases for efficient execution based on requirements.
  • Test Case Selection: You can select specific test cases for execution using the testng.xml file.
  • Listener Implementation: The file enables the implementation of listeners at the suite level.
  • Integration with Tools: The testng.xml file facilitates the integration of TestNG with tools like Jenkins.

Passing Parameters to Test Cases via testng.xml

TestNG allows you to pass parameters to test methods at runtime using the testng.xml file. This is achieved through the @Parameter annotation. For instance, the following code snippet passes the value “javatpoint” to the search method:


package com.javatpoint;import org.openqa.selenium.By;import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;import org.testng.annotations.Test;import org.testng.annotations.Parameters;public class Web {@Parameters({"text"})@Testpublic void search() {// TODO Auto-generated method stubSystem.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "D:\chromedriver.exe");WebDriver driver=new ChromeDriver();driver.get("http://www.google.com/");driver.findElement(By.name("q")).sendKeys("javatpoint tutorial");}}

Disabling Test Cases

TestNG allows you to disable test cases from execution using the enabled attribute. By setting the enabled attribute to false, you can prevent a test case from running. For example, the following code snippet disables the testcase1 method:


package com.javatpoint;import org.testng.annotations.Test;public class Test_cases {@Test(enabled=false)public void testcase1() {System.out.println("testcase1");}@Testpublic void testcase2() {System.out.println("testcase2");}}

Soft Assertions vs. Hard Assertions

TestNG supports both soft assertions and hard assertions. The key difference lies in their behavior when an assertion fails:

  • Soft Assertions: If a soft assertion fails, TestNG throws an exception but continues executing the subsequent statements.
  • Hard Assertions: If a hard assertion fails, TestNG throws an AssertException immediately and stops executing the test case.

Use of the @Listener Annotation

TestNG provides various listeners that perform specific actions when triggered by events. The ITestListener interface is the most commonly used listener, offering methods like onTestSuccess, onTestFailure, and onTestSkipped. These methods allow you to perform actions

What does the “suite test” does in TestNG?

People use “Suite Test” to run several unit tests at once. This unit test is part of the “Suite Test” group. An XML file is used to run the suite test.

1 What is Parameterized Testing?

Parameterized testing allows developers to execute the same test over and over again using different values. In two different ways TestNG allows you to pass parameters directly to your test methods.

  • With testing.xml
  • With Data Providers

TestNG Interview Questions and Answers || TestNG Framework Interview Questions

What are TestNG interview questions & answers?

Here are TestNG interview questions and answers for freshers as well as experienced candidates to get their dream job. 1) What is TestNG? TestNG is an automated open source testing framework. It is based on JUnit framework but is not a JUnit extension.

What is a TestNG questionnaire?

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced automation tester, this TestNG questionnaire will help you prepare for your next TestNG interview by providing you with the knowledge and confidence to answer any TestNG-related question. Note : We have compiled all the question in a sheet.

What is TestNG & why should you use it?

It is designed to perform various software tests, including unit and integration testing and make automated tests more structured, manageable and user-friendly. If you are applying for jobs in software testing or Java and Selenium automation testing, you can benefit from reviewing interview questions related to the TestNG framework.

How does TestNG work?

The test parameters can be specified in the XML file, and TestNG will pass those parameters to the test methods at runtime. It allows you to specify which test methods can be executed concurrently, and TestNG will execute them concurrently, saving you time. 12.

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