Ace Your jQuery Interview: Top jQuery Interview Questions for 2024

Are you preparing for an upcoming jQuery interview? Look no further! In this comprehensive article, we’ll explore the top jQuery interview questions that will help you showcase your expertise and land your dream job as a jQuery developer.

jQuery, the powerful JavaScript library, has revolutionized web development by simplifying DOM manipulation, event handling, and AJAX interactions. With its widespread adoption, proficiency in jQuery has become a sought-after skill in the industry. Whether you’re a fresher or an experienced professional, mastering these jQuery interview questions will give you a competitive edge.

What is jQuery?

jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library that simplifies HTML document traversal and manipulation, event handling, animation, and AJAX interactions for rapid web development. It is designed to make it easier to navigate a document, select DOM elements, create animations, handle events, and develop AJAX applications.

Key Benefits of jQuery

Before diving into the interview questions, let’s understand why jQuery is so widely adopted:

  • Cross-browser Compatibility: jQuery abstracts away cross-browser inconsistencies, ensuring that your code works consistently across different browsers and versions.
  • Simplified DOM Manipulation: jQuery provides a concise and easy-to-use syntax for navigating and modifying the DOM, reducing the amount of code required for common tasks.
  • Event Handling: jQuery simplifies event handling by providing a consistent interface for attaching and removing event handlers, eliminating the need for browser-specific code.
  • AJAX Support: jQuery’s built-in AJAX functionality enables developers to load data from the server asynchronously without refreshing the entire page, enhancing user experience.
  • Animations and Effects: jQuery offers a wide range of built-in animation and visual effects, making it easier to create dynamic and engaging user interfaces.
  • Plugin Ecosystem: The vast jQuery plugin ecosystem allows developers to extend the library’s functionality, saving time and effort by leveraging existing solutions.

Now, let’s dive into the top jQuery interview questions to help you prepare for your next interview.

Basic jQuery Interview Questions

  1. What is the purpose of the $ symbol in jQuery?
    The $ symbol is an alias for the jQuery() function, which is used to select and manipulate DOM elements, create new elements, handle events, and perform various other operations.

  2. How do you select an element with a specific ID using jQuery?
    To select an element with a specific ID using jQuery, you can use the following syntax:



    For example, to select an element with the ID myDiv, you would use $('#myDiv').

  3. How do you select elements with a specific class using jQuery?
    To select elements with a specific class using jQuery, you can use the following syntax:



    For example, to select all elements with the class myClass, you would use $('.myClass').

  4. What is the difference between $('div') and $('<div></div>')?

    • $('div') selects all <div> elements on the page.
    • $('<div></div>') creates a new <div> element in memory but does not add it to the DOM.
  5. How do you add an event handler to an element using jQuery?
    You can add an event handler to an element using jQuery by calling the appropriate event method on the selected element(s). For example:


    $('#myButton').click(function() {  // Event handler code goes here});

    This attaches a click event handler to the element with the ID myButton.

  6. What is the difference between .html() and .text() methods in jQuery?

    • The .html() method is used to get or set the HTML content of the selected element(s), including any HTML markup.
    • The .text() method is used to get or set the text content of the selected element(s), while ignoring any HTML markup.
  7. How do you create a new element and append it to the DOM using jQuery?
    You can create a new element using jQuery and append it to the DOM with the following steps:


    // Create a new <div> elementvar newDiv = $('<div>');// Set some content for the new elementnewDiv.text('This is a new div');// Append the new element to an existing element with the ID 'container'$('#container').append(newDiv);
  8. What is the purpose of the ready() method in jQuery?
    The ready() method is used to ensure that the code inside it runs only after the DOM has finished loading. This is useful for preventing errors that could occur if you try to manipulate elements before they have been loaded.


    $(document).ready(function() {  // Your code goes here});
  9. How do you remove an element from the DOM using jQuery?
    You can remove an element from the DOM using the .remove() method in jQuery. For example:



    This will remove the element with the ID myDiv from the DOM.

  10. What is the purpose of the each() method in jQuery?
    The each() method is used to iterate over a collection of elements in jQuery. It allows you to perform a specific operation on each element in the collection.


    $('div').each(function(index, element) {  // Code to be executed for each <div> element});

    In the example above, the provided function will be executed for each <div> element, with index representing the zero-based index of the current element, and element referring to the current DOM element.

jQuery Interview Questions for Experienced Developers

  1. What is the difference between .bind(), .live(), .delegate(), and .on() methods in jQuery?
    These methods are used for attaching event handlers in jQuery:

    • .bind() is an older method for attaching event handlers directly to selected elements.
    • .live() is a deprecated method that attached an event handler to all current and future elements matching the selector.
    • .delegate() is used to attach an event handler to all current and future elements matching the selector, but the event is handled by a parent element.
    • .on() is the newer and recommended method for attaching event handlers, supporting direct event binding, delegated events, and event delegation.
  2. How do you implement AJAX requests using jQuery?
    jQuery provides a simple and powerful API for making AJAX requests. The most commonly used methods are:

    • $.get() for making HTTP GET requests
    • $.post() for making HTTP POST requests
    • $.ajax() for making any type of AJAX request with more configuration options

    Here’s an example of using $.ajax():


    $.ajax({  url: '',  type: 'GET',  dataType: 'json',  success: function(data) {    // Handle the successful response    console.log(data);  },  error: function(xhr, status, error) {    // Handle the error    console.error(error);  }});
  3. What is the purpose of the deferred object in jQuery?
    The deferred object in jQuery is used for creating and managing asynchronous operations. It provides a way to handle the success and failure callbacks of an asynchronous operation, as well as the ability to chain multiple asynchronous operations together.


    var deferredObject = $.Deferred();deferredObject  .done(function() {    // Handle successful operation  })  .fail(function() {    // Handle failed operation  });
  4. How do you create a custom jQuery plugin?
    To create a custom jQuery plugin, you need to extend the $.fn object with a new method. Here’s a basic structure:


    (function($) {  $.fn.myPlugin = function(options) {    // Plugin code goes here    // Use `this` to refer to the selected elements    // Optional: Return the jQuery object for chaining    return this;  };})(jQuery);

    You can then use your plugin like this:


  5. What is the purpose of the jQuery.extend() method?
    The jQuery.extend() method is used to merge the contents of two or more objects into the first object. It can be used to extend the functionality of jQuery plugins or to provide default options for a plugin.


    var defaultOptions = {  color: 'red',  fontSize: '16px'};var customOptions = {  color: 'blue'};var mergedOptions = $.extend({}, defaultOptions, customOptions);// mergedOptions = { color: 'blue', fontSize: '16px' }
  6. How do you implement lazy loading of images using jQuery?
    jQuery doesn’t provide built-in support for lazy loading images, but you can implement it using event handlers and the data-src attribute. Here’s a basic example:


    <img data-src="image.jpg" class="lazy" alt="Lazy loaded image">

    $(function() {  $('.lazy').each(function() {    $(this).on('scroll', function() {      if (isInViewport($(this))) {        $(this).attr('src', $(this).data('src'));        $(this).off('scroll');      }    });  });});function isInViewport(element) {  var elementTop = element.offset().top;  var elementBottom = elementTop + element.outerHeight();  var viewportTop = $(window).scrollTop();  var viewportBottom = viewportTop + $(window).height();  return elementBottom > viewportTop && elementTop < viewportBottom;}
  7. What is the purpose of the method?
    The method is used to store and retrieve arbitrary data associated with the selected elements. It allows you to attach data to DOM elements without modifying the HTML markup.


    // Store data$('div').data('myKey', 'myValue');// Retrieve datavar value = $('div').data('myKey'); // 'myValue'
  8. How do you handle form submission using jQuery?
    jQuery provides several methods for handling form submission, including:

    • $('form').submit(function(event) { ... }) to bind a function to the submit event.
    • $('form').serialize() to serialize form data into a URL-encoded string.
    • $.ajax() to send the form data asynchronously using AJAX.

    Here’s an example of handling form submission using AJAX:


    $('form').submit(function(event) {  event.preventDefault(); // Prevent the default form submission  var formData = $(this).serialize(); // Serialize form data  $.ajax({    type: 'POST',    url: 'path/to/server-side-script',    data: formData,    success: function(response) {      // Handle successful response      console.log(response);    },    error: function(xhr, status, error) {      // Handle error      console.error(error);    }  });});
  9. What is the purpose of the jQuery.fn.init() method?
    The jQuery.fn.init() method is an internal method used to create a new jQuery object from an array-like object (such as a DOM element or a plain JavaScript array). It’s typically not used directly in application code, but it’s an essential part of jQuery’s internal implementation.

  10. How do you implement client-side validation using jQuery?
    jQuery doesn’t provide built-in support for client-side validation, but you can use plugins or write your own validation logic using jQuery’s DOM manipulation and event handling capabilities. Here’s a basic example of implementing form validation using jQuery:


    $('form').submit(function(event) {  var isValid = true;  // Validate form fields  $('input[required]').each(function() {    if ($(this).val() === '') {      isValid = false;      $(this).addClass('error');    } else {      $(this).removeClass('error');    }  });  // Prevent form submission if not valid  if (!isValid) {    event.preventDefault();  }});

These jQuery interview questions cover a wide range of topics, from basic syntax and DOM manipulation to advanced concepts like AJAX, plugins, and validation. By thoroughly understanding and practicing these questions, you’ll be well-prepared to showcase your jQuery skills and impress potential employers during your interviews.

Remember, jQuery is just one tool in the ever-evolving web development landscape. Complementing your jQuery knowledge with other modern JavaScript frameworks and libraries will make you an even more valuable asset to any development team.

Good luck with your interviews, and keep coding!

Top 30 jQuery Interview Questions And Answers | Frequently Asked jQuery Interview Question MindMajix


Is jQuery a library for client scripting or server scripting?

jQuery is a client-side JavaScript library used in web development. jQuery includes several features to make web development easier, such as DOM traversal and manipulation, JSON parsing, visual effects, and more.

Does jQuery work for both HTML and XML documents?

Does jQuery work for both HTML and XML documents? Yes, jQuery can work with both HTML and XML documents.

What is the operation of the jQuery connect method?

Connect is used to execute a function whenever a function from another object or plugin is executed. We can connect to an event of a DOM element too using this function. In the sense same connect function can be used for both DOM elements and for the functions.

What is the jQuery method used to trigger a specified event handler for the selected element?

jQuery trigger() Method The trigger() method triggers the specified event and the default behavior of an event (like form submission) for the selected elements.

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