Top SharePoint Interview Questions and Answers for 2024: The Ultimate Guide

Are you a SharePoint professional looking to ace your next interview? Look no further! In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover the top SharePoint interview questions and answers to help you prepare for your big day. Whether you’re a fresher or an experienced SharePoint developer, this article will provide you with the insights and knowledge you need to impress your potential employers.

Understanding SharePoint: The Backbone of Collaboration

SharePoint is a powerful web-based platform developed by Microsoft that enables organizations to store, organize, and share information in a secure and collaborative environment. It offers a wide range of features and capabilities, including document management, content management, intranet portals, enterprise search, and business intelligence.

Why is SharePoint Important?

SharePoint has become an indispensable tool for businesses of all sizes due to its ability to streamline workflows, enhance collaboration, and improve productivity. By providing a centralized location for storing and accessing documents, SharePoint eliminates the need for manual file sharing and reduces the risk of data loss or duplication.

Top SharePoint Interview Questions and Answers

To help you prepare for your SharePoint interview, we’ve compiled a comprehensive list of questions and answers covering various aspects of SharePoint, from its architecture and deployment to development and customization.

1. What is SharePoint, and what are its primary uses?

SharePoint is a web-based collaborative platform developed by Microsoft. Its primary uses include:

  • Document management and collaboration
  • Intranet and extranet portals
  • Enterprise content management
  • Business process automation
  • Enterprise search and business intelligence

2. What are the different versions of SharePoint, and what are the key features of the latest version?

The different versions of SharePoint include:

  • SharePoint 2001
  • SharePoint Portal Server 2003
  • SharePoint 2007
  • SharePoint 2010
  • SharePoint 2013
  • SharePoint 2016
  • SharePoint 2019
  • SharePoint Online (Office 365)

The key features of the latest version, SharePoint 2019, include:

  • Modern team and communication sites
  • Improved user experience for authoring and web parts
  • Enhanced sharing experience
  • Integration with Microsoft Teams
  • Hybrid cloud support

3. What is a SharePoint farm, and what are its components?

A SharePoint farm is a group of servers that work together to provide SharePoint services and functionality. The components of a SharePoint farm include:

  • Web Front-End (WFE) servers
  • Application servers
  • Database servers
  • Crawl servers
  • Query servers

4. What is a SharePoint site collection, and how is it different from a site?

A SharePoint site collection is a hierarchical structure that contains one or more SharePoint sites, lists, libraries, and other components. It acts as a separate logical unit with its own set of permissions and settings.

A SharePoint site, on the other hand, is a individual website within a site collection that contains lists, libraries, and other content.

5. What is the difference between a document library and a list in SharePoint?

A document library is a specialized list designed to store and manage files, documents, and other types of content. It provides additional features like version control, check-in/check-out functionality, and metadata management.

A list, on the other hand, is a collection of data organized into rows and columns, similar to a spreadsheet or a database table. Lists are used to store and manage various types of information, such as tasks, contacts, and announcements.

6. What is a SharePoint web part, and how can it be used?

A SharePoint web part is a modular component that can be added to a web page to display information or provide specific functionality. Web parts can be used to display data from lists or libraries, embed external content, or provide custom functionality through code.

7. How can you customize the appearance of a SharePoint site?

There are several ways to customize the appearance of a SharePoint site, including:

  • Using built-in themes and site templates
  • Applying custom CSS styles
  • Creating and applying custom master pages
  • Developing custom web parts or user controls
  • Leveraging third-party web design tools or solutions

8. What is the difference between SharePoint Online and on-premises SharePoint?

SharePoint Online is a cloud-based version of SharePoint that is part of the Microsoft Office 365 suite. It is hosted and managed by Microsoft, and users access it through a web browser or Office applications.

On-premises SharePoint, on the other hand, is installed and maintained within an organization’s own infrastructure. This option provides more control and customization options but requires additional resources for setup, maintenance, and updates.

9. What is a SharePoint workflow, and how can it be used to automate business processes?

A SharePoint workflow is a set of automated steps or activities that can be triggered by specific events or conditions within SharePoint. Workflows can be used to automate various business processes, such as document approval processes, task assignment and tracking, and data validation.

10. How can you manage permissions and access control in SharePoint?

SharePoint provides robust permission management and access control features, including:

  • Site collections, sites, and lists can have unique permission settings
  • Permissions can be granted or denied at different levels (site collection, site, list, item)
  • SharePoint groups can be used to manage permissions for multiple users
  • Active Directory integration for user and group management

11. What is the purpose of a SharePoint content type, and how can it be used?

A SharePoint content type defines the metadata, templates, and behavior for a specific type of content. Content types help ensure consistency and compliance by enforcing rules and guidelines for content creation and management. They can be used to define document templates, custom fields, and workflow associations.

12. How can you optimize SharePoint performance and scalability?

There are several techniques that can be used to optimize SharePoint performance and scalability, including:

  • Implementing a proper information architecture and site structure
  • Leveraging caching and output caching mechanisms
  • Implementing content deployment and load balancing
  • Optimizing SQL Server performance for SharePoint databases
  • Monitoring and tuning SharePoint farm components

13. What is the role of a SharePoint administrator, and what are their responsibilities?

A SharePoint administrator is responsible for managing and maintaining the SharePoint environment within an organization. Their responsibilities include:

  • Installing, configuring, and upgrading SharePoint farms
  • Monitoring and optimizing SharePoint performance
  • Managing user accounts, permissions, and access control
  • Backing up and restoring SharePoint content and settings
  • Implementing security measures and governance policies
  • Providing support and training to SharePoint users

14. What is the difference between a SharePoint farm solution and a sandboxed solution?

A SharePoint farm solution is a deployable package that can contain various components, such as site definitions, web parts, workflows, and custom code. These solutions are deployed at the farm level and can potentially impact the entire SharePoint environment.

A sandboxed solution, on the other hand, is a more restricted and isolated solution that runs within a dedicated sandbox environment. Sandboxed solutions have limited access to resources and can be easily deployed and uninstalled without affecting the entire farm.

15. How can you integrate SharePoint with other Microsoft products and services?

SharePoint can be integrated with various Microsoft products and services, such as:

  • Microsoft Office applications (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, etc.)
  • Microsoft Teams
  • Microsoft Power BI
  • Microsoft Power Automate (formerly Microsoft Flow)
  • Microsoft Azure services (e.g., Azure Active Directory, Azure Storage, Azure Functions)

These integrations enable seamless collaboration, data analysis, automation, and cloud integration within the Microsoft ecosystem.


SharePoint is a powerful and versatile platform that offers numerous features and capabilities for document management, collaboration, and business process automation. By preparing for these top SharePoint interview questions and answers, you’ll be well-equipped to demonstrate your knowledge and expertise to potential employers.

Remember, in addition to technical knowledge, it’s also important to highlight your problem-solving skills, communication abilities, and willingness to learn and adapt to new technologies and methodologies.

Good luck with your SharePoint interviews, and may the knowledge you’ve gained from this guide propel you towards success!

Top sharepoint interview questions in 2023


Is there a future for SharePoint?

At the Microsoft 365 Conference in May 2023, we unveiled our vision for making it easier than ever to build more compelling and engaging SharePoint sites and pages. We shared how we are delivering on four key themes: simpler authoring, compelling content, deeper engagement, and a flexible platform.

What is one of the most useful features of Microsoft SharePoint?

SharePoint has a range of functionalities organizations can leverage for task and project management. The most evident function is that the tool functions as centralized storage for all project-related documents and deliverable files.

What do I need to know about SharePoint?

Organizations use Microsoft SharePoint to create websites. You can use it as a secure place to store, organize, share, and access information from any device. All you need is a web browser, such as Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer, Chrome, or Firefox.

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